The involvement of citizens and energy communities (energy citizenship) is seen as a key pillar in the energy transition. Citizens interact with the technical energy systems; they are both subject and object of social innovation in the energy society and are emerging economic actors in the energy markets. However, how
Trondheim is situated in central Norway by the Trondheim Fjord and is Norway’s third most populous city. Trondheim is situated where the river Nidelva meets the Trondheim Fjord, and is known as an important harbour city. The city is the major public transport and logistic hub in Central Norway and Mid-Scandinavia. Trondheim has a population of about 190,500 people, with the wider region exceeding 280,000 inhabitants. The core of the city has a total urban area of just over 340km2, with a population density of 557 per km2. Trondheim is a strongly growing city, with a low unemployment rate (2.5%).